What is phonics and how is it taught?
Here at HCCPS we teach daily phonics lessons in EYFS, KS1 and to some pupils in KS2. At our school we follow one systematic synthetic phonics programme to ensure there is consistent coverage across all year groups to allow children to make good progress in reading and spelling. Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics will not only allow children to read but will also help them know which letters to use when they are writing words. Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch. Once children have completed our phonics programme they move onto daily spelling lessons following the No Nonsense Spelling programme. This starts in year 2 and continues into year 6.
Phoneme mats (great to have as a reference when reading or writing to segment words)
How to help with phonics at home
The best way to support your child with their phonetic development is to read their school book that changes each week. It is matched to suit their individual needs and runs alongside what they are learning in their phonics lesson. In addition to reading their leveled colour banded book you can also access a range of fun games via this website:
Another great way to help your children learn phonics is via Alphablocks, the link below gives parents a quick guide to help at home.
Another fun way to learn new sounds is with Geraldine the Giraffe- see link below:
Please also look at the videos below to support your child at home